Rwanda’s Success Story: Why This African Country Is Thriving


Rwanda is the fourth-smallest country in Africa with a population of over 13 million people. In the past decade, Rwanda has experienced a robust economic and social transformation due to a well-structured two five-year Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategies — EDPRS (2008–12) and EDPRS-2 (2013–18).

However, this development came after Rwanda had defeated several economic difficulties which came as a result of the Rwandan genocide, political instability, and a growing number of natural disasters in recent years. Rwanda has seen it all but it remains a thriving country today. So whether you’re fascinated by the political situation or just want to know more about Rwanda’s recent economic success, this blog is for you.

A Brief Background of Rwanda

Rwanda is a landlocked country in east-central Africa, bordered by Uganda to the north, to the south by Burundi, to the east by Tanzania, and to the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo and Lake Kivu. Rwanda is known for its captivating scenery of chain-mountains, and it is often regarded as le pays des mille collines (in French) — meaning “land of a thousand hills” (in English). The country has two major ethnic groups; the Hutu and Tutsi, making up about four-fifths and one-seventh of the total population.

However, during the 1990s, Rwanda was one of the countries hardest hit by AIDS. But since then, significant efforts by the dominating religion (Christianty), governmental and non-governmental agencies have been made in reversing the epidemic. With its rich culture and natural beauty, Rwanda is now a popular tourist destination.

The population of Rwanda

Rwandan has one of the highest population densities in sub-Saharan Africa. have access to basic health care, education, and water resources. These basic needs are met by the government through a variety of social welfare programs. The main economic activity is agriculture, which accounts for about 60% of GDP. The population of Rwanda is about 13 million people (2022).

The Rwandan Genocide

The Rwandan genocide was one of the deadliest events in human history. According to, “During the 1994 Rwandan genocide, also known as the genocide against the Tutsi, members of the Hutu ethnic majority in the east-central African nation of Rwanda murdered as many as 800,000 people, mostly of the Tutsi minority.” Hitherto, survivors are still living with the physical and emotional scars of that tragic time. To honor their memory and prevent future genocides, it is important to learn more about the Rwanda genocide and take action. There are many ways to do this, and your involvement will be vital in ensuring that such an event never happens again.

Reasons for Rwanda’s success over the years

Rwanda’s success can be attributed to its strategic location, natural resources, and talented workforce. Rwanda’s location makes it a hub for trade and transportation. It has abundant natural resources, including minerals, oil, and gas. Their government has put in place policies that have helped them achieve success — such as land reform and free-market reforms. These policies have helped them develop a strong economy based on exports of coffee, tea, and banana products.

In addition, the overwhelming commitment of Rwanda’s government to education has also played a big role in its success. This dedication to improving teacher competency and student’s performance attracted a huge financing agreement of $200 million from the World Bank. Currently, the education sector is doing well in Rwanda as a greater population has at least attained Universal Basic Education. The Rwandan workforce is also highly skilled in agricultural production, forestry–timber logging, and fishery. The manufacturing and tourism industry has also experienced a steady growth in recent years.

These and more factors have contributed to Rwanda’s strong economic growth over the past ten years. Thanks to its strong infrastructure and developing market potential. Wth economic growth sustained, Rwanda is poised for even greater success in the years to come.

Rwanda’s Economic Transformation

Rwanda is doing well economically mainly because of its favourable government policy. The President of Rwanda, Paul Kagame, once mentioned that he intends to make Rwanda the “Singapore of Africa”. This is exemplified by the economic overview from the World Bank, which provides thus; “Rwanda now aspires to Middle Income Country status by 2035 and High-Income Country status by 2050. This will be achieved through a series of seven-year National Strategies for Transformation (NST1), underpinned by sectoral strategies focused on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.”

In light of this, considerable efforts has been made towards achieving the goal in 2050. Among several industries that are expanding, the agricultural sector accounts for the largest share of the country’s GDP. The agricultural sector alone has set Rwanda as a good place for investment in terms of economic growth prospects. In no less time, the country which was commonly referred to as one of the poorest in Africa will boom into becoming one of the fastest-growing economies on the continent.

Political Stability in Rwanda

Rwanda is a country that has been through a lot in its short history — including genocide and genocide-adjacent political instability. However, through it all, the government of Rwanda has managed to remain stable, providing the population with a high level of prosperity and quality of life. This makes Rwanda an ideal destination for visitors looking for stability and peace in an exciting region. Visitors can be sure that they will experience no coups or chaotic periods, making it a safe and welcoming place to be. Rwandans are also happy with their government and enjoy high levels of social and economic development.

Social Developments in Rwanda

In today’s world, social development is essential for a country to prosper. Rwanda is making significant social advancements thanks to its strong internet connectivity and digital sector growth. These advances include increased access to education, healthcare, and financial services for the population. The country’s digitally-enabled economy is also benefiting businesses and entrepreneurs.

Lessons Rwanda can teach other countries

Rwanda is a country that has shown the world what it takes to rebuild and restore infrastructure after a devastating humanitarian crisis. The country’s story provides valuable insights into how to respond properly to crises, rebuild society, and turn a nation around. Other countries can learn from Rwanda’s experience in terms of how to mobilize resources quickly, how to ensure that reconstruction is inclusive, and how to avoid corruption and graft. The country’s success story shows that it is possible to turn around a nation after the worst humanitarian crisis in generations. Additionally, the country has shown that it is possible to have a strong work ethic and still ensure social progress. Rwandans have shown that it is possible to overcome poverty and build a prosperous future.


Rwanda is a country that has achieved success for several reasons. Its political stability, good economy, and strong social networks are just a few of them. Rwanda has also been able to overcome many challenges throughout its history, which has helped it to thrive. There’s still plenty of room for growth in Rwanda, thanks to its people and their willingness to work hard. Education is also key to ensuring that Rwandans can continue to thrive in the future, and this is why investing in education is so important. As Rwanda moves forward, it will continue to rely on its people and their dedication to making its country the best it can be.